A concussion is counted as the most common type of brain injury and is caused when the head gets a sudden blow. Concussions most commonly happen while playing sports and also during falls, vehicle accidents or physical fights. When you suffer from a shock, the brain, which is protected by the skull, is jolted. A mild concussion may not cause many problems, but a more severe one may be traumatic, leading to bleeding in the blood vessels of the brain or damage to nerves.
It is difficult to judge the severity of a concussion by looking externally as the effects are internal and mostly not visible on the surface. The symptoms are relative to the severity of the impact to the head. But some typical physical and mental signs can be seen after a concussion.
Symptoms of Concussion
Some common symptoms of a concussion are:
- You may have nausea-like symptoms
- There is a possibility of vision being blurred
- There may be some difficulty in balancing your body
- The eyes may be sensitive to light
- There is the possibility of headache
- There may be a feeling of confusion in the mind
- The speech may be slurred and unclear
- Movements could be clumsy
Types of Concussion
There are three grades of concussion injuries starting with grade 1 in which symptoms disappear after around 15 minutes, grade 2 in which the symptoms last longer but no loss of consciousness is seen and grade 3 in which consciousness is lost. Considering the severity of the concussion, an appropriate Sports Injury treatment in Delhi is started by doctors.
Here are some guidelines about what to do in case of a concussion.
- If you have only a grade 1 concussion, resume normal activities only after the symptoms subside. This could be anywhere between 10 to 15 minutes to a week.
- In the case of a grade 3 concussion, it is better to visit your doctor immediately for a checkup. He will try to assess the seriousness of your injury and ask simple questions that will test your ability to focus.
- If there is a necessity, you may have to take a CT or MRI scan to verify if there was bleeding.
- It is essential not to take medicines that have aspirin in them. The doctor will decide what medications are safe for you.
- If your symptoms reappear again or get worse go for another checkup as early as possible.
- It is necessary to take it easy for some time and not to resume regular activity, especially if you are a sportsperson. If you start acting immediately, you risk the possibility of another concussion which may aggravate your condition.
- It is your responsibility to prevent the occurrence of another shock as a second one could cause irreversible damage to the brain or even put your life to risk. So wait till the doctor advises to resume regular physical activity.
- It is important not to drive vehicles of any kind immediately after a concussion,
- Abstain from drinking alcohol until the doctor clears you completely.
- Avoid travelling by aeroplanes shortly after a shock,
- Do not watch anything that could be stimulating visually and also avoid listening to music at high volumes following an injury.
The orthopaedics doctor in Greater Kailash may ask you to get an X-ray to check for possible fracture of the skull and doctors may ask to stay at the hospital for observation and more tests. Very severe injuries may also require surgery.
You must consider consulting doctors at Spring Meadows Hospital, which provides sports injury treatment in Delhi and help you come back to a healthy state and resume your healthy life and sports.