It is only when you collect enough data, review and analyze it on a regular basis, you will be able to provide better care services at home to the older patients as well as ensure that there is no integrity issue.
In order to collect the data, you should look for only relevant and useful sources of electronic databases. When you collect the data, you must follow a few specific steps and keep a few things in mind such as:
- You must make sure that these sources provide a combination of free text terms along with a controlled vocabulary. This will help you a lot in making a more systematic search through each database.
- When you complete the initial search process, you should hand-search the reference lists of all of the retrieved literature as well so that you know where exactly to look for if you need additional and relevant sources.
- Lastly, you must also make sure that all of the duplicate articles, data and information, if any are removed.
The next step involves data analysis. This step requires you to consider the inclusion criteria so that you get the proper guidance to use the initial selection of the relevant articles and data based on your need. If you are looking for relevant data analysis for your specific type of home health care service, make sure that the title and content of the abstract comply with your needs.
While reviewing the data for home care Philadelphia you can use independent reviewers to fully appraise the retrieved data using a standarddata inclusion form. This will help you to summarize each article more systematically focusing on different aspects such as:
- The peer review status
- The purpose
- The perspective of the authors
- The methodology
- The barriers
- The facilitatorsand
- The specific recommendations.
After you complete this initial part of your analysis, you should group the barriers, facilitators, and recommendations according to the themes relating to thecontent and your needs.
Categorizing of identified themes
Categorization of the identified themes must be categorically done as per the guidance provided by and the theoretical framework of the Promoting Action on Research in Health Services or PARIHS.
This framework states that such knowledge should be mobilized through three specific mediators such as:
- The nature of the knowledge or evidence such as the type of information collected and the issues, if any, related to quality of the data
- The organizational or environmental context such as the issues associatedwith cost and training and
- The way in which the knowledge is actually mobilized which includes facilitation of issues related to accessibility, format and others.
Transfer of knowledge will only be successful if that is relevant and comprehensible. It is also required that the receivers of such knowledge are open to its acceptance and the mobilization of the knowledge is catalyzed effectively. In order to make your knowledge useful and the analysis more effective, it is required that you study the patterns across dates, themes, the perspective of the different authors as well as investigate the methods.
List the themes found
Once you have found and identified the themes from your research that may include the barrier, facilitator, and recommendation, you should make a precise list of these. Once again, the PARIHS framework will help you in designating each to a specific list.
Once you are done with the posting, check for the frequency of occurrence in the list. During this process, focus specifically on those themes that match with the barrier, facilitator, and the recommendation categories.
For example, if you find that the lack of experience and training is a barrier to you, match it with the facilitatorswho are providing high-quality home care training programs along with the recommendations for ongoing and mandatory training.
Lastly, summarizeall of the barriers and facilitators that you have found in your research respectively.
Consider the raw data
You will also see during your research and analysis that most of the articles containraw data. These are especially those articles that are created after conducting qualitative studies on the focus groups with home care service providers.
On the other hand, those articles that do not provide any empirical data should be classified under different heads such as:
- Discussion papers
- Opinion papers
- Nonsystematic reviews in textbook styles or
In terms of outlook, you will find that most of the articles are written by home care clinicians while others may be written by researchers and a team of clinicians and researchers. There may be even some that may be written by people who are neither clinicians or researchers.
It is also possible that you will find that there are no clear patterns in the themes discussed by methods, date, or perspective of the author.
In addition to that, when you classify the themes using the PARIHS framework, you will see that a large number of barriers, facilitators, and recommendations listed actually relate to the specific Context and Facilitation elements.
Out of the barriers you have identified, you will see that:
- The most prevalent one is the coat. This is especially implemented during training.
- You will also notice that there is a significant lack in the user acceptance and staff resistance.
As for the most common facilitators that you may have found you will see that it includes different elements such as:
- Portable technology
- The strategies that may help you to reduce data entry errors
- Managerial support as well as
- User incentives.
Lastly, if you consider the recommendations, you will see that the top three recommendations identified are:
- Mandatory and ongoing training
- Development of a more centralized, comprehensive and standardized system to gather and analyze data and
- Real-time entering and viewing data.
Therefore, when you want to analyze home care data in order to improve your services, you should consider only those that are based on the opinion or discussion of different studies and papers. Look for empirical and raw data as these are more reliable sources to provide you with more credible information.